International Journal of Arts & Sciences

Multidisciplinary conferences in a "study abroad" format

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June 17-21, 2013 

Online submissions accepted here.

To print a summarized version of
this conference webpage, click here.

Time for Wrapping up a Year of Research and Academic Duties 
Sharing "roggenmischbrot" with the locals decked in traditional costume
Why is it that most political battles in academia surface towards the end of the academic year? Is it due to the pressure that accumulates during the preceding months? When pressure builds up, something has to yield. Stress creates fissures and even the strongest crumble.

Many of our European professors and students hail from cultures that have long understood the paramount importance of relaxation. For those for whom the academic year is a tug-of-war between various responsibilities on campus, ranging from research demands to teaching duties, this conference offers a rejuvenating experience in an intellectual European environment. The old European saying mente sana cuerpo sano realized long ago what holds the key to a healthy intellectual.

It is with this in mind that we selected two of the most prominent spots in the province of Salzburg's Bad Hofgastein. The first is the Congress Center for the presentation of the delegates' research papers. The second is a luxurious 4.5-star hotel, the perfect venue for scholars to come together and share their thoughts and ideas after conference hours while having the opportunity to wind down and relax in this spa hotel. Both locations are within walking distance of each other.

Hotel Norica is connected by an underground tunnel where a short walk leads to one of Austria's most impressive swimming pools, the Alpen Therme, a multi-million Euro complex with the Alps towering above it. The Hotel will provide you with a free bath robe for the duration of your stay, and free daily entrance access to the Alpen Therme. Without the availability of this free daily entrance, the Alpen Therme would 
charge over 20 Euros for a 4-hour ticket, and over 24 Euros for a day-ticket. Swimming pools, spa and wellness facilities are available both within the Therme and inside the Hotel.

Every delegate who lodges at the Norica (check in after 2:00 pm; checkout before 11:00 am) will be entitled to a:
  • FREE rich breakfast buffet with a variation of egg dishes;
  • FREE lunch (except on Thursday and Sunday);
  • FREE four-course menu at dinner, including vegetarian choice (only for those who opt for half-board);
  • FREE bathrobes, bath towels and slippers;
  • FREE use of Hotel Norica's own thermal pool (size 8x12m, 33°C), jet stream, sauna, aroma steam bath, Kneipp grotto, gym and adjoining juice bar;
  • FREE unlimited entry to the town's majestic swimming pool complex Alpen Therme Gastein connected to the hotel by means of an underground corridor;
  • FREE Gasteincard (entitling one to many discounts in town and the surrounding region)
  • FREE parking;
  • FREE transfer from the train station to the hotel and back. The town also offers a FREE city bus service including between the train station and the hotel;
  • FREE internet access in the hotel lobby; and
  • WLAN
IJAS has reserved a block of 50 rooms at the Norica as follows:
Single room: €79 per person per night including breakfast
Single room: €94 per person per night including half board
Double room: €71 per person per night including breakfast
Double room: €86 per person per night including half board
The local tax is €2 per person/day.
There is a daily €8 surcharge for rooms with a balcony.

Each room comes with a tropical rain shower, WC, hair dryer, HD LOEWE flat screen TV, radio, telephone, laptop connection, and a safe. On Mondays, Norica provides its guests with a free lunch buffet.

Everyday, except on Thursday and Sunday, Norica provides its guests with a free lunch buffet.
A €200 deposit is required upon booking a room. Click here for booking information.

Book early since the rooms will be fully booked weeks ahead of the conference. As soon as the Norica is fully booked, we will post a prominent notice about this on this webpage.
To search for other hotels in Bad Hofgastein - do not confuse with nearby Bad Gastein - we recommend these websites:, and The cheapest lodging may be the hostel in nearby Bad Gastein. As you do your booking, do not confuse the state of Salzburg with its capital city Salzburg. Bad Hofgastein is in the state of Salzburg but is about one hour away from the capital city Salzburg.

The management and staff at Hotel Norica
The Bad Hofgastein Congress Center will once again host our annual conference
A conference room awaiting the IJAS delegates in Bad Hofgastein
Indoor pool facilities connected to Norica
With the conference running till the evening, the outside pool facilities soothe the delegates in comforting steam
Academic Tracks

Faculty who opt for any or all of the tour programs will be assigned a presentation slot on a different day to assure no conflict of schedule.

Our editorial board invites abstracts, papers, and proposals in any of the following four tracks:
  • Social Sciences and Humanities,
  • Business and Economics,
  • Teaching and Education, and
  • Technology and Science. 

The accepted submissions will be clustered around their common topics and areas of interest. As is typical of multidisciplinary conferences, the final program - released about three weeks before the conference - will mirror the research agendas of the delegates rather than a pre-conceived list of arbitrary topics.

It is up to each delegate how much to submit or publish. Some authors may publish only an abstract in the proceedings. Others may prefer to publish a full-length manuscript in the journal.

Delegates may also attend a conference without submitting or publishing any research.

Authors may deliver their work during the conference either as (i) a 15-minute oral presentation, (ii) a poster session, (iii) a panel, or (iv) a workshop.


The IJAS Conference Series takes place annually in several cities across Europe and North America. The series has three primary aims.

The first aim is to provide opportunities for academics from a range of disciplines and countries to share their research both through the conference podium and IJAS' double-blind refereed publications. All IJAS conferences are inter- and multi-disciplinary.

The second aim of the Conference Series is to provide opportunities for academics to receive informal in-depth feedback through discussions, and to enable them to establish contact with professionals in other countries and institutions. The tours are the main way of "breaking the ice" away from the formalities of the conference hall, providing an informal setting for discussing different points of view. Even in an increasingly networked world of internet and satellite conferences, there is no substitute for personal interaction—what Edward R. Murrow calls "the last three feet of communication."  It is individuals, not data streams, who must ultimately build the connections that in turn create lasting international research partnerships.

The third aim of the Conference Series is to introduce academics to educational premises in locations that are suitable for study abroad programs and which may meet their students’ educational needs. IJAS draws its inspiration from the Fulbright Program, an integral part of the United States' foreign educational relations, where face-to-face exchanges have proven to be the single most effective means of engaging international publics while broadening dialogue between academics and institutions.


Early Bird Special: Countryside Walk
June 17, 2013, at 2:00 pm: Departure from Norica Hotel


An afternoon hike will be organized the day before the conference presentations start. This will offer an opportunity to our conference delegates to get to know each other and to immerse themselves in the beauty of the surrounding countryside and its majestic mountains. The hike, originating from the Norica Hotel, will last about 2 to 3 hours and is open to all those who register for the full conference. As always, IJAS doesn't charge any fees for off-premises activities.

For those who would arrive at Bad Hofgastein after a long international journey, it will also be an opportunity to fill the lungs with fresh air. After the walk, one may go for a first swim to soothe sore muscles.

Nothing beats a walk overlooking the valley.
Complimentary Day Program in "Postcard Perfect" Southeast Bavaria
June 19, 2013, at 8:15 am: Bus departs from the Conference Center

Slides used by miners
We depart from Bad Hofgastein, passing mountains full of legend and myth, and enter Germany by the old border crossing. We travel through the alpine valley and pass scenic farmhouses.
It's inside one of those mountains, however, that the real adventure begins. Donning traditional miner’s clothes, we enter old mines by to hear fascinating tales and facts about this underground world. There is nothing to fear as we descend into the grottos using the slides hundreds of miners have used before.
Another destination is the Königssee Lake (see photo below) nestled among the steep and imposing mountains of the Bavarian Alps. We tour a good part of it by boat to enjoy its pristine beauty.
The itinerary includes the picturesque town of Berchtesgaden where the history of the place runs deep. It gained notoriety as the playground of Nazi officials from the 1920’s onwards, where the top officers and Hitler himself used the area. Though much of its sad heritage has since been demolished, it's still one of the few places in Germany to document the entirety of World War II in one place.

The Königssee Lake is located in Bavaria, near the border with Austria.


Complimentary Day Program in Salzburg
June 20, 2013, at 8:15 am: Bus departs from the Conference Center

Salzburg and its breathtaking views.
According to a survey carried out among 23,000 Condé Nast Traveller readers, Salzburg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is one of the top cities in Europe. In fact, the readers chose Salzburg as the third most beautiful city in Europe.

According to the same magazine, The Sound of Music turned Salzburg into a Hollywood myth, synonymous with singing nuns, but the city is nevertheless one of the most beautiful locations, right in the Alps. Chic, cosmopolitan and stylish, its architecture has an Italianate feel - a cross between rugged medieval and delicate rococo facades. Its biggest claim to fame is as the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in the city in 1756. But the city's culture doesn't stop here, and despite a conservative reputation it has become increasingly avant-garde, with museums showcasing modern art by Klimt and Kokoschka and shows by contemporary artists. Even its location is appealing - its castle, churches and palaces are cradled within a scenic ring of mountains. Because it is so small, conference attendees may wander around easily and stroll through its narrow streets of ancient history.


A student's study abroad experience in Salzburg

Why Are These Tours Important?
The tours actively contribute to study abroad programs and joint research.

here to find out why there is more than meets the eye behind the tours.



Submit Your Research

To submit your abstract, paper or other proposal for presentation at this conference, click here. 

The most important dates to remember are as follows:

    • The conference will be held during June 17-21, 2013.
    • Email your formatted manuscript (see template) to after your online submission is accepted and before July 10, 2013.
    • The proceedings and journal will be published in late December 2013.

Within a few days of receiving your online abstract submission, we will notify you of the reviewers' acceptance or rejection, for the conference.

If we inform you that it is an acceptance and you would like to publish your research, follow the model format
here and email us your formatted abstract or full manuscript in Microsoft Word. You may do so up to a few weeks after the conference.

Abstracts and summarized articles will be published in the proceedings entitled Conference of the International Journal of Arts and Sciences, in electronic format (ISSN 1943-6114).

Full length manuscripts may be published in the International Journal of Arts and Sciences(ISSN 1944-6934) or any of the refereed journals electronically available through our publishing consortium. The review process for the journals is slower and more demanding in its standards. Although both the proceedings and journals are refereed, research that meets the refereed standards for the conference and the proceedings may not meet the refereed standards for the journals. The selection of a journal, if any, for a particular manuscript is entirely at the discretion of the editorial board members following the reviewers' suggestions.

All the journals and proceedings are in electronic format since this makes it easier to disseminate the articles (click here for a sample article
) to international scholars.
Authors will receive complimentary access to the online issue in which their work appears. One's research may not simultaneously appear in both our proceedings and journals.

Authors who prefer a hard copy may download an entire issue on their own computer and publish and order a hard copy of it from or any other online publishing service for their own personal use.
IJAS's articles are indexed/accessed in (i) WorldCat, (ii) Ulrich's serials directory, (iii) Cabell's directories of Educational Curriculum & Methods and Educational Psychology and Administration, (iv) Proquest, (v) Pol-On, the Polish scholarly bibliography operated by the University of Warsaw, (vi) Genamics, (vii) the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA 2012) list compiled by the Australian Research Council, and (viii) Google Scholar - click here.
There is no page limit on articles. We welcome both short and lengthy submissions. We don't impose a financial penalty on lengthy manuscripts.

Each registered author, irrespective of whether he or she submits a formatted manuscript for publication, will receive a Certificate of Participation at the conference.
Powerpoint Presentations
At the conference, the presentation room will be equipped with a laptop, a digital projector and a projector screen. The laptop will be set up for Powerpoint presentations. Linux and Mac users are asked to save their presentations in a compatible format.




Bad Hofgastein: Heaven's gift to those who love nature

Conference Registration Payment
Registration is open to everyone, not just to research presenters.
For all alternative ways of paying the registration fee, click
The adjacent button allows you to pay the $200 registration fee separately for your guest, if you so wish.
The registration fee does not include food and lodging.


$360 - Bad Hofgastein (June 2013) Conference Registration: 
Valid for all 5 days.

Valid for one person for all conference events, on and off conference premises. Includes all tours.


$240 - Austria (June 2013) Conference Registration:
Valid for 1 day only.

Valid for one person, for one day only, on conference premises. Does not include any tours except for the early bird special Sunday tour.

$560 - Bad Hofgastein (June 2013) Conference Registration for 2 persons:
Valid for all 5 days
Joint registration for yourself and a co-author, child or guest, valid for all conference events, on and off conference premises. Includes all tours.
This option is not available for two authors with two or more research presentations.

$105 - How to Organize a Study Abroad Program
A one-credit hour graduate level course with the University of San Diego.
For information and separate registration click



Hotels, Swimming Complex and Airports

To inspect the Hotel Norica website, click here. The hotel has an extensive food service, including a top notch restaurant, a café well-known locally for its fresh pastries, a bar, and a wine cellar. It is a great place for scholars to get together and socialize in an informal atmosphere. To book a room, click here for more information.

To search for other hotels in Bad Hofgastein - do not confuse with nearby Bad Gastein - we recommend these websites:, and At the same time, the Austrian Embassy in London notes on its website "Please note that we do not accept bookings from [booking search engines] without confirmation of payment for the whole duration of your reservation."

To read about the Alpen Therme complex, click here. For the wellness and fitness programs freely available in the Therme, click here. There is a special program for womenThe Therme's schedule runs late into the evening, Monday to Saturday. There are four hotels that are directly connected by short underground tunnels to the Therme.

With regard to airports, click 
here for Salzburg's airport and here for Munich's airport. From each airport, there is train access to Bad Hofgastein.

In Case of Questions About...

your submission or the conference:

events sponsorship:
our recommended lodging:
International Journal of Arts & Sciences
Attn: Mark Bridge
Conferences Department
55 Farm Drive
Cumberland, Rhode Island 02864-3565

Dr. Joseph Azzopardi
Head of Department
Faculty of Economics, Management & Accountancy
University of Malta


While we recommend the Hotel Norica as the preferred choice for lodging, for those who prefer a cheaper lodging rate, the Norica recommends its sister hotel, Hotel Alpina, a five-minute walk away. Hotel Alpina does not offer free access to the Therme. For other hotels in Bad Hofgastein (not to be confused with nearby Bad Gastein), we recommend these websites:, and The cheapest lodging may be the hostel in nearby Bad Gastein.


Photos from our previous Bad Hofgastein conferences

We acknowledge Girish Koshy George and Sogand Noroozizadeh for their postcard-format photos and Joseph Poon for his chequered-style photos.

here for a short article about Professor Enchelmayer's participation in the Austria conference.

On the eve of the conference, the group walks in mid-mountain range. This photo was taken shortly before the walk.
Merrily tunnelling through the mountain rocks.
Cruising on a boat inside a salt mine
IJAS delegates about to board the private coach in Salzburg
Bad Hofgastein's therme is a complex of indoor and outdoor swimming pools
English professor Dr. Sogand Noroozizadeh enthralled by the Salzburg vista
While the delegates present their research inside the Bad Hofgastein Conference Center, the lady serenades the square outside the building with her flute.
The naturally heated Therme is quite popular with our delegates
The reception desk at Hotel Norica
Taking a coffee break during the Bavaria tour